If you’re not feeling too well in your office, it may not just be a case of the Mondays. Cases of office workers suffering from constant headaches, eye, nose, and throat irritation, and other health symptoms received public attention in the early ’90s, but are still an ongoing problem in many offices around the world. Studies repeatedly show that modern workers are up to 50 % less productive than they should be. “Why so?”, you may ask.
It’s because that many employers still don’t prioritize taking care of the environmental conditions in the office that are, in fact, the top silent killers of productivity, creativity, and, most important, employees’ health. To address the matter, the term sick building syndrome (SBS) was coined. The definition of sick building syndrome is as follows: SBS is a condition affecting office workers, typically marked by headaches and respiratory problems, attributed to unhealthy or stressful factors in the working environment.
If you often experience the following symptoms that get better when you are away from work, it’s likely that you’re suffering from SBS:
- Blocked or runny nose
- Mental fatigue
- Difficulty concentrating
- Irritated eyes, nose and throat
- Dry, itchy skin
SBS is a bit tricky to diagnose, as you have to tune in to your body and see if it isn’t just your diet, workout and sleep routine that is killing your productivity and well-being. Plus you have to do some testing and evaluation of the environmental factors in your office building.
So don’t jump to conclusions yet, but make sure you test your workplace for these 5 warning signs that may cause building-related illness.
1. Check the thermostat
How well do you perform on days that are unbearably hot? Are you motivated to do your best when it’s freezing cold? Temperature has a significant effect on both your productivity and overall comfort in the workplace. However, opinions differ on what counts as comfortable – some like it warm and cozy, some believe in the focusing powers of a chilly office, most notably Mark Zuckerberg, who keeps his office temperature at a numbing 59 F. However, it’s been found that when your body temperature drops, you expend energy warming yourself up, making less energy available for concentration, inspiration, and insight.
The U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration recommends that employers keep the thermostat between 68 and 76 F in the office. A vast study by Helsinki University found that the ideal temperature for maintaining comfort and office productivity is 71.6 F. In fact, the benefits of a warm office go beyond productivity levels. A warm office environment can also play a crucial role in fostering warm interpersonal connections among you and your colleagues.
Test it yourself: This one’s pretty easy to detect – many offices have thermostats, and you can kindly ask your coworkers if you can adjust it. But in order not to start thermostat wars, bring in your Luxafor Meteo and see if the temperature matches the indicated perfect temperature for everybody’s best comfort.
2. Evaluate humidity levels
In worst instances, you can feel it right away when you enter a room that is excessively damp or dry. But many are the cases of working years and years in an office that is unknowingly killing the employees’ well-being and productivity with wrong humidity levels, caused by outdated air conditioning, bad ventilation, and other factors. Inadequate humidity is a straight contributor to you feeling clammy, drowsy and sluggish, and it can even cause itchy skin, rashes, sore throat, coughing, and a stuffy nose. Overly humid rooms also feed mold and become a perfect environment for bacteria and illnesses to spread. Becoming aware and regulating this parameter is what you can do to prevent sick building syndrome and improve the comfort and overall health of you and your colleagues. Plus, once you get rid of the cause, it’s also going to help you save money on medication and ”quick fixes”.
Test it yourself: This one’s more tricky since most office spaces don’t offer the proper tools to assess humidity levels. However, our tiny but capable office gadget Luxafor Meteo can help you tons in measuring humidity so that you can bring the right arguments to the table to finally get the AC fixed in your office.
3. Assess the air quality
Speaking of air, it isn’t only humidity that causes sick building syndrome and damages your productivity. Many studies have found that poor air quality at work puts you in a risk of developing respiratory illnesses, headaches, as well as making you tired and irritable. Healthy air quality, one that is free from chemical contaminants and has adequate CO2 levels, is critical for maintaining health and productivity in office. Therefore, one of the simplest ways to prevent SBS, absenteeism, and even reduce infectious disease transmission is to fix ventilation and ensure regular access to fresh outdoor air. A good idea is also to bring in some air-purifying plants.
Test it yourself: Measure the CO2 levels and overall air quality with Luxafor Meteo and see what you can do about the ventilation of the room.
4. Ensure proper lighting
Lighting – an obvious essential for healthy and safe working, but still an underestimated cause of sick building syndrome. Not only poor lighting makes doing tasks harder, it can affect your health in numerous ways. Lighting that is too dim or too bright can cause symptoms like headaches, lethargy, irritability, poor concentration, and eye strain. Lighting design should also take into account how the shadows are cast. Bad lighting can lead to incorrect shadow casting over your workspace which most often leads to eye strain and even incorrect posture. Light sources should be positioned correctly to minimize these effects. Besides, lighting should be accustomed to the specific needs of your job, as, for example, what may work for video editors may not work for those who do meticulous work with sheets of numbers and documents.
Test it yourself: Luxafor Meteo, small and fit for any desk, shows the lighting conditions in any corner of your office so that you can pick the most convenient spot for your type of task and adjust the lighting to minimize its strain on your eyes.
5. Avoid noisy surroundings
Although noise levels are not directly linked to causing sick building syndrome, there’s all kind of irritating noises that damage your productivity while putting you in a grumpy mood. Noisy air conditioning, obnoxious ringtones, traffic, nearby construction, and most of all – other people conversations . The noise level of 60 – 65 decibels, common in open-plan offices, is not only too loud for concentration, but can also impede effective collaboration. What’s worse – sometimes we get so used to the background noise we don’t even see the connection that it’s fostering distraction and loss of focus in the workplace. A 2004 study conducted in Sweden found that subjects forced to listen to common office noises like heating vents had a harder time paying attention, were slower to respond to questions, and were incorrect in their answers more often than subjects who listened to the same sounds but at a reduced level.
Test it yourself: Luxafor Meteo determines the exact noise level in your work environment, and if you can’t move your desk or ask your colleagues to tone it down, pair it with Luxafor active noise-canceling headphones that make focusing on your tasks much easier in an open-plan office.
If you find yourself too often bothered by headaches and stuffed nose in your workplace, and if you feel that it’s the AC to blame, you may be just right. Sick building syndrome is no joke and is affecting your coworkers on a day-to-day basis as much as it affects you. Lots of offices and coworking spaces nowadays are built to encourage productivity, creativity, and collaboration. However, environmental factors such as room temperature, humidity, air quality, CO2, light, and noise are still not taken care of properly. Chances are your employer doesn’t even have a clue that it’s the building that is killing creativity, undermining productivity and increasing employee absenteeism!
We’ve given you the symptoms and the causes of SBS, the methods how to check for them, and solutions. Now it’s your turn to bring it to the table and discuss with your employer or HR manager how to minimize the risk of sick building syndrome in your workplace!